Every executive demands it.
Every marketer produces it.
Almost no one loves it.
In this series, we’ll tackle the basics of marketing reporting, from what good reporting is to how to construct a simple report with the time-honored 6W framework in mind.
Reporting 101 Series
Part 2: Report Audiences
Imagine a movie that was equal parts sci-fi, horror, comedy, drama, romance, historical fiction, thriller, action, adult entertainment, and documentary. It’s almost impossible to envision such a Frankenfilm, much less think of an example.
Or imagine a car that was equal parts sports car, SUV, family car, electric car, race car, heavy pickup truck, and compact city car. No auto manufacturer could possibly make such an impossible set of contradictions in one vehicle.
When we attempt to make “one master report” for everything and everyone, we are attempting to create these abominations, these reports that try to be everything to everyone and end up being nothing to anyone. This is our failure to understand our audience.
Instead of thinking of a report like a fact dump, think of a report as a story. We wouldn’t tell a grim, terrifying story to a toddler, nor would we tell a toddler’s story to an audience of adults in a theatre. We would choose a story appropriate to the understanding and needs of each audience.
We will tell our reporting story to three types of audiences:
- Deciders: people who will use our reporting story to make a decision or give us direction. These are typically our superiors in an organization.
- Collaborators: people who will use our reporting story to make choices or work with us to effect a change. These are typically our peers in an organization.
- Executors: people who will take direction from our reporting story and do what the story tells them to do. These are typically our subordinates in an organization.
We group our audiences by the types of action we want them to take. In doing so, we know what the point of our reporting story must be. Do we want a decision? Do we want someone to work with us to make a change? Do we want someone to take action?
Reporting Contents by Audience
While we will tackle the specific contents of reports in the next post, the three audiences need different general types of content in their reports.
- Deciders need to know why things happened (insights), what our next steps are, and any decisions they need to make. Our report shouldn’t concern itself too much with the raw data or even the analysis of the data, just key takeaways and actions needed.
- Collaborators need to know what happened (analysis) and why (insights), so that our work together can change direction if necessary. Collaborators often manage their own teams and people, so they will use these reports to diagnose what their team did and provide separate guidance to their teams about what to do differently.
- Executors need to know the details of what happened (analysis) and specific behaviors to change, as well as the data points underlying those requested changes.
For example, in a report about an email marketing program, deciders would need to know the core KPI (revenue generated from email), why it went up or down, and whether they need to invest more or less in it.
Collaborators would need to know that revenue went down because the offers from sales weren’t compelling, the design of this quarter’s issues wasn’t as good, and as such clickthrough rates (a diagnostic metric that feeds the KPI) declined.
Executors would need to know that clickthrough rates declined because of design and offer problems. While sales will fix the offers, we need the executors to fix the design issues and run A/B tests on the next 4 issues to identify what the appropriate design choices should be.
We may run into situations – especially in complex organizations or in client/service relationships – when we have multiple audiences. For example, we may have a day-to-day collaborator, but that collaborator requires reporting for their decision-makers.
In situations like this, rather than revert back to our Frankenreport methods, we should do our best to prepare our reporting for the intended audience. If we know a report is headed for the C-suite (and we’re not in it), we should design it with that in mind. It’s perfectly okay to build different reports for different audiences; in fact, preparing reports for individual roles or levels is one way to ensure greater engagement with our reporting.
For example, suppose you’re the CFO. Would you be more likely to read a generic website analytics report, or a CFO’s Financial Impact of the Company Website report? Chances are you’d pay more attention to the latter.
In the next post in this series, we’ll tackle the biggest question in reporting: what should go in the report? Stay tuned!
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